Updated on: 8/30/2023
It’s a good news, bad news situation when it comes to 静脉曲张.
首先，好消息是:静脉曲张并不总是会引起问题. 在某些情况下，它们可以通过简单的生活方式改变来解决. This is a crucial part of varicose vein prevention.
现在, the bad news: Varicose veins are unsightly—perhaps even to the point that you don’t want to wear shorts or your favorite skirt.
But this condition is far from merely cosmetic; it can also be very painful. It can cause sores, skin ulcers, and blood clots. So as long as you have 静脉曲张, 你有可能患上与之相关的疼痛和不适.
这种情况及其治疗有几个方面. 因此, 我们将深入了解静脉曲张的原因, how to avoid 静脉曲张, 他们是如何治疗的，如果你没有得到及时的治疗会发生什么.
如果你目前正在经历与静脉曲张有关的问题, your first step is with your primary care provider. 您的CMC初级保健提供者可以帮助您选择最佳的行动方案.
But first, let’s delve into what 静脉曲张 are and how you can keep them from getting worse.
What Are Varicose Veins?
这些是扭曲的扩张静脉，通常出现在腿部. 它们看起来就像皮肤表面下微微凸起的蓝色静脉. 经常, they are primarily a cosmetic problem, but they may also cause lower leg cramps, 疼痛和痛苦. 在某些情况下，它们可能会导致更严重的疾病.
虽然不常见, these conditions can include painful leg ulcers, blood clots in the legs and bleeding. If this occurs, medical attention is needed immediately.
根据 National Library of Medicine 大约20%的成年人会在某个时候患上静脉曲张. While it’s common in older Americans, younger people can have them as well, and they are more common in women.
Thankfully, there are some simple steps you can take to enhance the blood flow in your legs. 因此，你可以防止你的静脉曲张恶化. 试试这些东西.
Your leg muscles are your biggest allies. 为什么? They help your veins push blood to the heart. 这是非常有用的，因为你的肌肉在对抗重力. 任何腿部运动也将有助于防止出现新的静脉曲张.
2. Lose weight if you’re overweight
如果你超重或肥胖，你会给你的腿施加更多的压力. 减肥也可以防止新的静脉曲张形成. 除了帮助治疗静脉曲张，减肥还有很多好处. 它还能降低患心脏病、中风和2型糖尿病的风险. 健康的生活方式对预防静脉曲张有很大的作用.
3. Avoid standing or sitting for a long time.
Today’s office workers are at greater risk of developing 静脉曲张 or making them worse. Remember to take a break at least every half hour and stand up and walk for a short while, even if it’s just to the break room and back. This forces the leg muscles to move blood toward your heart more than when you’re in a sedentary position. 如果你的工作需要你长时间站立, try to schedule a similar break to sit for a while.
4. Avoid tight-fitting clothes.
5. Be sure to put your feet up.
在可能的情况下, place your feet on a chair or stool positioned so the blood will be able to flow back toward your heart. This is particularly important if you have a job that requires you to stand or sit for long periods of time.
6. Wear support pantyhose.
This is also a good preventative measure to take to help keep 静脉曲张 from forming. They are not necessarily as strong as compression hose, 但在很多情况下, they will still be effective.
7. Invest in a compression hose.
You can purchase these over-the-counter or you can ask your doctor for a prescription-strength compression hose. 对脚踝和小腿施加压力有助于血液回流到心脏.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
Veins carry blood to your heart. They all have a one-way valve—think of it as a turnstile—that helps the blood flow to your heart. If that turnstile is blocked, malfunctioning or if it stops moving, it can spell trouble for the rest of your system.
Your superficial veins—the veins that are located just under your skin—move blood to the deeper veins in your body. These deeper veins carry blood to the heart. Inside your veins, there are small valves. These valves ensure that the blood flows in the correct direction and prevents it from going backward.
If there is a problem with the valves, or if the vein walls weaken, blood begins to build up. 结果就是腿部经常出现的肿胀、蓝色和凸起的静脉.
静脉曲张呈绳状，呈蓝色或红色，甚至会使你的皮肤肿胀. They’re most common on the back and front of the calves, the inside of the leg and on the thighs, according to the Office on Women’s Health.
That is a basic overview of what causes 静脉曲张.
Am I at Risk of Developing Varicose Veins? The Major Risk Factors
You have a greater chance of getting 静脉曲张 if any of the following apply to you:
We hate to break it to you, but if your mom had 静脉曲张, you’re more likely to develop them as well. 据英国《靠谱的电子游艺下载》报道，一半的静脉曲张患者有家族病史 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
As you age, the valves in your veins may not work as well as they did when you were younger. This is another risk factor for 静脉曲张.
对不起,女士们, but the hormonal changes you experience—along with the use of birth control pills—can raise your risk.
Your growing baby doesn’t just put pressure on your bladder—it also places pressure on your leg veins. Fortunately, in this case, the veins usually improve three to 12 months after delivery.
Being overweight or obese
Standing or sitting for long periods of time
长时间保持一个姿势会迫使你的血管更努力地工作, which can place you at risk.
If you’ve had any trauma to your legs or veins, this may weaken them, increasing your chances of developing 静脉曲张.
Will 静脉曲张 go away on their own?
Typically, 静脉曲张 will not go away on their own. 少数例外之一是当你怀孕时发生的静脉曲张. 经常, these may go away within three weeks after 你生了孩子.
然而，对于大多数人来说，静脉曲张是一种慢性和痛苦的疾病. You’ll need to seek treatment from one of our experienced physicians in Myrtle Beach and 霍里有限公司unty to get the relief you need and deserve. Start by visiting your primary care physician. He or she will be able to direct you to the services that will start you on your journey of healing.
If you don’t have a family doctor or you’re looking for a primary care doctor in Myrtle Beach, we’ll be glad to help you. 如果你不确定从哪里开始，看看我们之前的文章， “Which Family Doctor Should I Pick?” for advice and insight.
What Happens If Varicose Veins Are Untreated?
Failure to treat 静脉曲张 opens the door to other health problems that can occur. This includes increased pain and swelling in the area as the veins continue to become more damaged.
当静脉曲张得不到治疗时，你的腿更有可能变得疲劳和虚弱. If the 静脉曲张 continue to be untreated, you could develop leg ulcers and non-healing wounds.
这些未经治疗的静脉可能会出现其他血管问题. 这包括深静脉血栓、血凝块和脂皮硬化. Lipodermosclerosis is a disease that causes swelling in the layer of fatty tissue beneath the skin.
How Serious Are Varicose Veins?
这取决于你的静脉曲张有多大. If your situation is mild, you will need evaluation from your doctor to ensure that they do not get any worse and that you are not at risk for serious complications.
如果你有严重的静脉曲张，这可能是 chronic venous insufficiency, 一种影响血管向心脏供血效率的疾病. You also may be at greater risk of developing blood clots.
底线? Don’t take chances with your health. Talk to one of our experienced experts who will be the most reliable source of information.
When Should I Be Worried 关于 Varicose Veins?
如果采用较为保守的治疗方法——如压缩袜, 躺下或运动时周期性地抬高腿是无效的, it’s important to schedule an appointment with our vascular physician in Myrtle Beach and Conway.
为什么? 不仅因为你会继续有不舒服的症状, but untreated 静脉曲张 can progress to additional physical health problems.
Because of the potential for complications, we urge you to schedule an appointment with one of our primary care doctors if you have 静脉曲张.
What’s the Best Treatment for Varicose Veins?
So what if you’ve tried all the self-care techniques and compression stockings and you still have 静脉曲张? In that case, schedule an appointment with one of our primary care providers. These physicians in Myrtle Beach will evaluate the severity of your 静脉曲张 and the success of any varicose vein preventions you’ve done/
Depending upon your individual situation, 手术可能是摆脱静脉曲张的最佳选择. Following are some of the more common procedures:
你需要几周的时间才能看到硬化疗法的结果. 在这个过程中，静脉被泡沫填充，造成疤痕. When the veins are scarred, they close. Eventually, they fade. 在硬化症治疗过程中，你不需要麻醉或“催眠”. For most patients, it can be done in a provider’s office.
当你接受激光治疗时，不需要切开或打针. It works through light therapy. 当强烈的光线进入静脉时，它会慢慢消失.
导尿管是一种细长的管子，经常用于治疗大的静脉曲张. When the catheter is inserted, the end of it is headed. In turn, the head eliminates the vein, causing it to shut. The catheter is headed through radiofrequency or lasers.
High ligation and vein stripping
你只需要在这些血管上切几个小口子，然后把它们切除. 在这个过程中，你的血管外科医生会扎断一条静脉. Typically, this can be done on an outpatient basis.
Ideally used for removing smaller veins, 流动静脉切除术利用小的皮肤穿刺去除静脉.
How to Get Started With Varicose Vein Treatment
记住:治疗静脉曲张不仅仅是为了好看. 去除它们不仅会减轻很多症状, but it can also help improve your overall circulation. The best way to do this is to schedule regular appointments with one of our leading primary care physicians in 霍里有限公司unty, 康威和默特尔海滩-我们有几个方便的地方为您服务.
If you have 静脉曲张, your primary care doctor will be able to easily guide you in the direction to help you find effective solutions.
How to Avoid Varicose Veins? 靠谱的电子游艺下载为您的健康采取积极主动的方法
Our physicians don’t only want to help you once you start having symptoms—we also want to help you prevent 静脉曲张 or keep them from getting worse by scheduling an appointment in addition to using our helpful guide outlined above.
If you find yourself coping with the pain and unsightliness associated with this disease, do not hesitate to reach out to our experienced, 领先的医生. Simply contact your primary care provider to get started.
不要有。 primary care provider? Our network of physicians means there is a doctor located near you whom you can easily contact to schedule an appointment.
Conway Medical Center is a trusted leader in healthcare and has served the medical needs of 霍里有限公司unty and surrounding communities for nearly a century.